Accounts of children’s publishing imprints in the twentieth century often characterise their predominately female editors as enthusiastic amateurs. But how far is this true, and how did female editors really fit into the publishing culture of their parenting houses? This paper will consider two children’s editors: Mabel Carey, who began editing J.M. Dent’s children’s list in the 1930s, and Kaye Webb, who joined Puffin thirty years later. How had children’s publishing changed over those thirty years, and how far can Carey and Webb be seen as ‘lady editors’?